Selected published papers


Head J, Chungkham HS, Hyde M, Zaninotto P, Alexanderson K, Stenholm S, Salo P, Kivimäki M, Goldberg M, Zins M, Vahtera J, Westerlund H. Socioeconomic differences in healthy and disease-free life expectancy between ages 50 and 75: a multi-cohort study. Eur J Public Health. 2019 Apr 1;29(2):267-272. doi: 10.1093/eurpub/cky215.

Stenholm SHead J, Kivimäki M, Magnusson Hanson LL, Pentti J, Rod NH, Clark AJ, Oksanen T, Westerlund H, Vahtera J. Sleep Duration and Sleep Disturbances as Predictors of Healthy and Chronic Disease-Free Life Expectancy Between Ages 50 and 75: A Pooled Analysis of Three Cohorts. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2019 Jan 16;74(2):204-210. doi: 10.1093/gerona/gly016.


Leskinen T, Stenholm S, Aalto V, Head J, Kivimäki M, Vahtera J. Physical activity level as a predictor of healthy and chronic disease-free life expectancy between ages 50 and 75. Age and Ageing. 2018 May 1;47(3):423-429. doi: 10.1093/ageing/afy016.

Virtanen M, Magnusson Hanson L, Goldberg M, Zins M, Stenholm S, Vahtera J, Westerlund H, Kivimäki M. Long working hours, anthropometry, lung function, blood pressure, and blood-based biomarkers: cross-sectional findings from the CONSTANCES study. J Epidemiol Community Health 2018 [Epub ahead of print] doi:10.1136/jech-2018-210943.

Magnusson Hanson, L., Westerlund, H., Chungkham, H. S., Vahtera, J., Rod, N. H., Alexanderson, K., … Head, J. (2018). Loss of healthy life years between ages 50 to 75 attributed to job strain: Analyses of 64,533 individuals from four prospective European cohort studies. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, in press.

Magnusson Hanson LL, Westerlund H, Goldberg M, Zins M, Vahtera J, Hulvej Rod N, Stenholm S, Pekkanen J, Steptoe A, Kivimäki M. Work stress, anthropometry, lung function, blood pressure, and blood-based biomarkers: a cross-sectional study of 43,593 French men and women. Sci Rep. 2017 Aug 24;7(1):9282. doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-07508-x.


Farrants K, Marklund S, Kjeldgård L, Head J, Alexanderson K. Sick leave among individuals in paid work after age 65; a Swedish population-based study covering 1995, 2000, 2005, and 2010. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health. 2017. DOI: 10.1177/1403494817731487.

Farrants K, Marklund S, Kjeldgård L, Head J, Alexanderson K. Sick leave before and after the age of 65 years among those in paid work in Sweden in 2000 or 2005: a register-based cohort study. Journal of International Medical Research. 2017(2)46:564-77. DOI: 300060517734744.

Hulvej Rod N, Kjeldgård L, Åkerstedt T, Ferrie J, Salo P, Vahtera J, & Alexanderson K. (2017). Sleep apnea, disability pension and cause-specific mortality: a nationwide register linkage study. American Journal of Epidemiology, 186(6), 709–718.

Mortensen J, Dich N, Lange T, Alexanderson K, Goldberg M, Head J, Kivimäki M, Madsen I, Rugulies R, Vahtera J, Zins M, & Hulvej Rod N. (2017). Job strain and informal caregiving as predictors of long-term sickness absence: A longitudinal multi-cohort study. Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, 43(1), 5–14.

Platts, L. G., Head, J., Stenholm, S., Chungkham, H. S., Goldberg, M., & Zins, M. (2017). Physical occupational exposures and health expectancies in a French occupational cohort. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 74(3), 176–183.

Stenholm, S., Head, J., Aalto, V., Kivimäki, M., Kawachi, I., Zins, M., … Vahtera, J. (2017). Body mass index as a predictor of healthy and disease-free life expectancy between ages 50 and 75: A multicohort study. International Journal of Obesity, 41, 769–775.


Stenholm, S., Head, J., Kivimäki, M., Kawachi, I., Aalto, V., Zins, M., … Vahtera, J. (2016). Smoking, physical inactivity and obesity as predictors of healthy and disease-free life expectancy between ages 50 and 75: A multicohort study. International Journal of Epidemiology, 45(4), 1260–1270.



Hyde M, Hanson LM, Chungkham HS, Leineweber C, & Westerlund H. The impact of involuntary exit from employment in later life on the risk of major depression and being prescribed anti-depressant medication. Ageing and Mental Health, Epub ahead of print 2014 June 19.

Stenholm S, Westerlund H, Head J, Hyde M, Kawachi I, Pentti J, Kivimäki M, & Vahtera J. Comorbidity and functional trajectories from midlife to old age: The Health and Retirement Study. Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, Epub ahead of print 2014 July 24.

Stenholm S, Vahtera J, Kawachi I, Pentti J, Halonen JI, Westerlund H, Razak F, Subramanian SV, & Kivimäki M. Patterns of weight gain in middle-aged and older US adults from 1992-2010. Epidemiology, accepted for publication 2014 Sept 5.

Stenholm S, Pentti J, Kawachi I, Westerlund H, Kivimäki M, & Vahtera J. Self-Rated Health in the Last 12 Years of Life Compared to Matched Surviving Controls: the Health and Retirement Study. PLoS ONE, 2014;9(9):e107879.

Stenholm S, Westerlund H, Salo P, Hyde M, Pentti J, Head J, Kivimäki M, & Vahtera J. Age-related trajectories of physical functioning in work and retirement ­ the role of sociodemographic factors, lifestyle and disease. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, 2014;68(6):503-509.


Kivimäki M, Batty D, Hamer M, Nabi H, Korhonen M, Huupponen R, Pentti J, Oksanen T, Kawachi I, Virtanen M, Westerlund H, & Vahtera J. Influence of retirement on non-adherence to medication for hypertension and diabetes. Canadian Medical Association Journal (CMAJ), 2013;185(17):E784-90.


Sjösten N, Kivimäki M, Singh-Manoux A, Ferrie JE, Goldberg M, Zins M, Pentti J, Westerlund H, & Vahtera J. Change in physical activity and weight in relation to retirement: The French GAZEL cohort study. BMJ Open, 2012;2:e000522.


Oksanen T, Vahtera J, Westerlund H, Pentti J, Sjösten N, Virtanen M, Kawachi I, & Kivimäki M. Is retirement beneficial for mental health? Antidepressant use before and after retirement. Epidemiology, 2011;22(4):553-559.

Sjösten N, Nabi H, Westerlund H, Singh-Manoux A, Oksanen T, Salo P, Pentti J, Goldberg M, Zins M, Kivimäki M, & Vahtera J. Influence of retirement and work stress on headache prevalence: A longitudinal modelling study from the GAZEL cohort. Cephalalgia, 2011;31(6):696-705.

Zins M, Guéguen A, Kivimäki M, Singh-Manoux A, Leclerc A, Vahtera J, Westerlund H, Ferrie JE, & Goldberg M. Effect of retirement on alcohol consumption: Longitudinal evidence from the French Gazel cohort study. PLoS ONE, 2011;6(10):e26531.


Dugravot A, Sabia S, Stringhini S, Kivimäki M, Westerlund H, Vahtera J, Guéguen A, Zins M, Goldberg M, Nabi H, & Singh-Manoux A. Do socioeconomic factors shape weight and obesity trajectories over the transition from midlife to old age? Results from the French GAZEL cohort study. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2010;92(1):16-23.

Jokela M, Ferrie JE, Gimeno D, Chandola T, Shipley MJ, Head J, Vahtera J, Westerlund H, Marmot MG, & Kivimäki M. From midlife to early old age: Health trajectories associated with retirement. Epidemiology, 2010;21(3):284-290.

Westerlund H, Vahtera J, Ferrie JE, Singh-Manoux A, Pentti J, Melchior M, Leineweber C, Jokela M, Siegrist J, Goldberg M, Zins M, & Kivimäki M. Effect of retirement on major chronic conditions and fatigue: The French GAZEL occupational cohort study. BMJ, 2010;341:c6149.


Vahtera J, Westerlund H, Hall M, Sjösten N, Kivimäki M, Salo P, Ferrie JE, Jokela M, Pentti J, Singh-Manoux A, Goldberg M, & Zins M. Effect of retirement on sleep disturbances: the GAZEL prospective cohort study. Sleep, 2009;32(11):1459-1466.

Westerlund H, Kivimäki M, Singh-Manoux A, Melchior M, Ferrie JE, Pentti J, Jokela M, Leineweber C, Goldberg M, Zins M, & Vahtera J. Self-rated health before and after retirement in France (GAZEL): a cohort study. The Lancet, 2009;374(9705):1889-1896.