Selected published papers


Alexanderson K, Rugulies R, Framke E, Niemelä M, Salonen L, Farrants KCombinations of job demands and job control and future trajectories of sickness absence and disability pension: An 11-year follow up of 2 million employees in Sweden. JOEM. 2020. Epublished ahead of print. Doi:10.1097/jom.0000000000001919

Alhainen M, Myllyntausta S, Pentti J, Vahtera J, Stenholm S. Concurrent changes in sleep and physical activity during the transition to retirement: a prospective cohort study. Sleep Med. 2020 Apr;68:35-41.

Blomqvist S, Westerlund H, Alexanderson K & Magnusson Hanson LL. Labor market exit around retirement age in Sweden and trajectories of psychotropic drugs in a context of downsizing. BMC Public Health, 2020;20(1):618. doi: 10.1186/s12889-020-08589-6.

Farrants K, Norberg J, Framke E, Rugulies R, Alexanderson KJob demands and job control and future labor market situation: an 11-year prospective study of 2.2 million employees. JOEM. 2020:62(6):403-11.

Halonen JI, Chandola T, Hyde M, et al. (2019). Psychotropic medication before and after the transition to disability retirement for those with high and low levels of perceived work related stress before retirement by pre-retirement work-related perceived stress. European Journal of Public Health 2020; 30(1):158-163.

Halonen JI, Pulakka A, Vahtera J, Pentti J, Lagström H, Stenholm S, Magnusson Hanson LL. Commuting time to work and behaviour-related health: A fixed effect analysis. Occup Environ Med. 2020;77(2):77-83.

Karelius S, Vahtera J, Pentti J, Lindroos AS, Jousilahti P, Heinonen OJ, Stenholm S*, Niiranen TJ*. The Relation of Work-Related Factors with Ambulatory Blood Pressure and Nocturnal Blood Pressure Dipping among Aging Workers. Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 2020;93(5):563-570.  doi: 10.1007/s00420-019-01510-8. (* shared senior authorship)

Lahelma, E, Pietiläinen, O, Chandola, T, Hyde, M, Rahkonen, O & Lallukka T. Occupational social class trajectories in physical functioning among employed women from midlife to retirement. BMC Public Health 19, 19(1525) doi:10.1186/s12889-019-7880-0

Myllyntausta S, Pulakka A, Salo P, Kronholm E, Pentti J, Vahtera J, Stenholm S. Changes in Accelerometer-Measured Sleep during the Transition to Retirement: The Finnish Retirement and Aging (FIREA) study. Sleep. 2020 Jan 6:zsz318. doi: 10.1093/sleep/zsz318. Online ahead of print.

Norberg J, Alexanderson K, Framke E, Rugulies R, Farrants K. Job demands and control and sickness absence, disability pension, and unemployment among 2 194 692 individuals in Sweden. Scand J of Public Health. 2020; 48(2):125-33.

Peristera P, Platts L, Magnusson Hanson LL & Westerlund H. A comparison of the B-spline group-based trajectory model with the polynomial group-based trajectory model for identifying trajectories of depressive symptoms around old-age retirement. Aging & Mental Health, 2020;24(3):445-452.

Pulakka A, Leskinen T, Suorsa K, Pentti J, Halonen JI, Vahtera J, Stenholm S. Physical activity across retirement transition by occupation and mode of commute. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2020 Mar 5. doi: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000002326.

Sewdas R, de Wind A, Stenholm S, Coenen P, Louwerse I, Boot C, van der Beek A. J. Association between retirement and mortality: working longer, living longer? A systematic review and meta-analysis. Epidemiol Community Health. 2020;74(5):473-480.

Stenholm S, Virtanen M, Pentti J, Oksanen T, Kivimäki M, Vahtera J. Trajectories of self-rated health before and after retirement: Evidence from two cohort studies. Occup Environ Med. 2020 Feb;77(2):70-76.

Teräs T, Rovio S, Spira AP, Myllyntausta S, Pulakka A, Vahtera J, Stenholm S. Associations of accelerometer-based sleep duration and self-reported sleep difficulties with cognitive function in late mid-life: The Finnish Retirement and Aging Study. Sleep Med. 2020 Apr;68:42-49.

van Dijk MA, van Dalen HP & Hyde M. Who Bears the Brunt? The Impact of Banking Crises on Younger and Older Workers. Journal of Economics of Ageing. The Journal of the Economics of Ageing 2020; 2 June, 100264. doi:10.1016/j.jeoa.2020.100264

Virtanen M, Jokela M, Lallukka T, Magnuson Hanson L, Pentti J, Nyberg S, Alfredsson L, Batty D, Casini A, Clays E, DeBaquer D, Ervasti J, Fransson E, Halonen J, Head J, Kittel F, Knutsson A, Leineweber C, Nordin M, Oksanen T, Pietiläinen O, Rahkonen O, Salo P, Singh-Manoux A, Stenholm S, Suominen S, Theorell T, Vahtera J, Westerholm P, Westerlund H, Kivimäki M. Long working hours and change in body weight: analysis of individual participant data from 19 cohort studies. Int J Obesity, 2020; 44:1368-1375. doi: 10.1038/s41366-019-0480-3.

Zaninotto P, Batty GD, Stenholm S, Kawachi I, Hyde M, Goldberg M, Westerlund H, Vahtera J & Head J. Socioeconomic inequalities in disability-free life expectancy in older people from England and the United States: A cross-national population-based study. Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 2020;75(5):906-913.

Åhlin JK, Peristera P, Westerlund H & Magnusson Hanson LL. Psychosocial working characteristics before retirement and depressive symptoms across the retirement transition: a longitudinal latent class analysis. Scandinavian Journal of Work Environment and Health. Epub ahead of print 2020 Feb 24.


Evans E, Hyde M, Davies J, Moffatt S, O’Brien N and Windle G. (2019). Navigating Later Life Transitions: An evaluation of emotional and psychological interventions. Centre for Ageing Better: London

Head J, Chungkham HS, Hyde M, Zaninotto P, Alexanderson K, Stenholm S, Salo P, Kivimäki M, Goldberg M, Zins M, Vahtera J, Westerlund H. Socioeconomic differences in healthy and disease-free life expectancy between ages 50 and 75: a multi-cohort study. Eur J Public Health. 2019 Apr 1;29(2):267-272. doi: 10.1093/eurpub/cky215.

Lahelma, E, Pietiläinen, O, Chandola, T, Hyde, M, Rahkonen, O & Lallukka T. Occupational social class trajectories in physical functioning among employed women from midlife to retirement. BMC Public Health 2019;19, 1525 doi:10.1186/s12889-019-7880-0

Myllyntausta S, Salo P, Pentti J, Oksanen T, Kivimäki M, Vahtera J, Stenholm S. Does Removal of Work Stress Explain Improved Sleep Following Retirement? The Finnish Retirement and Aging (FIREA) study. Sleep. 2019 Aug 1;42(8):zsz109. doi: 10.1093/sleep/zsz109.

Nyberg A, Peristera P, Magnusson Hanson LL, & Westerlund H. Socio-economic predictors of depressive symptoms around old age retirement in Swedish women and men. Aging and Mental Health, 2019;23(5):558-565.

Stenholm SHead J, Kivimäki M, Magnusson Hanson LL, Pentti J, Rod NH, Clark AJ, Oksanen T, Westerlund H, Vahtera J. Sleep Duration and Sleep Disturbances as Predictors of Healthy and Chronic Disease-Free Life Expectancy Between Ages 50 and 75: A Pooled Analysis of Three Cohorts. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2019 Jan 16;74(2):204-210. doi:10.1093/gerona/gly016.

Suorsa K, Pulakka A, Leskinen T, Heinonen I, Heinonen OJ, Pentti J, Vahtera J, Stenholm S. Objectively measured sedentary time before and after transition to retirement: The Finnish Retirement and Aging Study (FIREA). J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2019 May 16. pii: glz127. doi: 10.1093/gerona/glz127. [Epub ahead of print]

van de Straat V, Platts LG, Vahtera J, Westerlund H & Bracke P. Reduction in sleep disturbances at retirement: evidence from the Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health. Ageing & Society. Epub ahead of print 2019 May 15.


Hyde M, Cheshire-Allen M, Damman M, Henkens K, Platts L, Pritchard K & Reed, C. (2018). The experience of the transition to retirement: Rapid evidence review. Centre for Ageing Better: London.

Henkens K, van Dalen H.P, Ekerdt D.J, Hershey D.A, Hyde M, Radl J, van Solinge H, Wang M, & Zacher H. (2017). What We Need to Know about Retirement: Pressing Issues for the Coming Decade. THE GERONTOLOGIST. gnx095. doi: 10.1093/geront/gnx095

Leskinen T, Stenholm S, Aalto V, Head J, Kivimäki M, Vahtera J. Physical activity level as a predictor of healthy and chronic disease-free life expectancy between ages 50 and 75. Age and Ageing. 2018 May 1;47(3):423-429. doi: 10.1093/ageing/afy016.

Magnusson Hanson, L., Westerlund, H., Chungkham, H. S., Vahtera, J., Rod, N. H., Alexanderson, K., … Head, J. Job strain and loss of healthy life years between ages 50 to 75 by sex and occupational position: Analyses of 64,533 individuals from four prospective European cohort studies. Occupational and Environmental Medicine. 2018;75(7):486-493. doi: 10.1136/oemed-2017-104644.

Magnusson Hanson LL, Westerlund H, Goldberg M, Zins M, Vahtera J, Hulvej Rod N, Stenholm S, Pekkanen J, Steptoe A, Kivimäki M. Work stress, anthropometry, lung function, blood pressure, and blood-based biomarkers: a cross-sectional study of 43,593 French men and women. Sci Rep. 2017 Aug 24;7(1):9282. doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-07508-x.

Virtanen M, Magnusson Hanson L, Goldberg M, Zins M, Stenholm S, Vahtera J, Westerlund H, Kivimäki M. Long working hours, anthropometry, lung function, blood pressure, and blood-based biomarkers: cross-sectional findings from the CONSTANCES study. J Epidemiol Community Health 2018; 73:130-135. doi:10.1136/jech-2018-210943.


Farrants K, Marklund S, Kjeldgård L, Head J, Alexanderson K. Sick leave among individuals in paid work after age 65; a Swedish population-based study covering 1995, 2000, 2005, and 2010. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health. 2017. DOI: 10.1177/1403494817731487.

Farrants K, Marklund S, Kjeldgård L, Head J, Alexanderson K. Sick leave before and after the age of 65 years among those in paid work in Sweden in 2000 or 2005: a register-based cohort study. Journal of International Medical Research. 2017(2)46:564-77. DOI: 300060517734744.

Hulvej Rod N, Kjeldgård L, Åkerstedt T, Ferrie J, Salo P, Vahtera J, & Alexanderson K. (2017). Sleep apnea, disability pension and cause-specific mortality: a nationwide register linkage study. American Journal of Epidemiology, 186(6), 709–718.

Hyde M & Dingemans E. (2017). Hidden in plain sight? Does stricter employment protection legislation lead to an increased risk of hidden unemployment in later life? Work, Aging and Retirement. 3(3):231-242

Mortensen J, Dich N, Lange T, Alexanderson K, Goldberg M, Head J, Kivimäki M, Madsen I, Rugulies R, Vahtera J, Zins M, & Hulvej Rod N. (2017). Job strain and informal caregiving as predictors of long-term sickness absence: A longitudinal multi-cohort study. Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, 43(1), 5–14.

Platts, L. G., Head, J., Stenholm, S., Chungkham, H. S., Goldberg, M., & Zins, M. (2017). Physical occupational exposures and health expectancies in a French occupational cohort. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 74(3), 176–183.

Stenholm, S., Head, J., Aalto, V., Kivimäki, M., Kawachi, I., Zins, M., … Vahtera, J. (2017). Body mass index as a predictor of healthy and disease-free life expectancy between ages 50 and 75: A multicohort study. International Journal of Obesity, 41, 769–775.


Stenholm, S., Head, J., Kivimäki, M., Kawachi, I., Aalto, V., Zins, M., … Vahtera, J. (2016). Smoking, physical inactivity and obesity as predictors of healthy and disease-free life expectancy between ages 50 and 75: A multicohort study. International Journal of Epidemiology, 45(4), 1260–1270.



Hyde M, Hanson LM, Chungkham HS, Leineweber C, & Westerlund H. The impact of involuntary exit from employment in later life on the risk of major depression and being prescribed anti-depressant medication. Ageing and Mental Health, Epub ahead of print 2014 June 19.

Stenholm S, Westerlund H, Head J, Hyde M, Kawachi I, Pentti J, Kivimäki M, & Vahtera J. Comorbidity and functional trajectories from midlife to old age: The Health and Retirement Study. Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, Epub ahead of print 2014 July 24.

Stenholm S, Vahtera J, Kawachi I, Pentti J, Halonen JI, Westerlund H, Razak F, Subramanian SV, & Kivimäki M. Patterns of weight gain in middle-aged and older US adults from 1992-2010. Epidemiology, accepted for publication 2014 Sept 5.

Stenholm S, Pentti J, Kawachi I, Westerlund H, Kivimäki M, & Vahtera J. Self-Rated Health in the Last 12 Years of Life Compared to Matched Surviving Controls: the Health and Retirement Study. PLoS ONE, 2014;9(9):e107879.

Stenholm S, Westerlund H, Salo P, Hyde M, Pentti J, Head J, Kivimäki M, & Vahtera J. Age-related trajectories of physical functioning in work and retirement ­ the role of sociodemographic factors, lifestyle and disease. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, 2014;68(6):503-509.


Kivimäki M, Batty D, Hamer M, Nabi H, Korhonen M, Huupponen R, Pentti J, Oksanen T, Kawachi I, Virtanen M, Westerlund H, & Vahtera J. Influence of retirement on non-adherence to medication for hypertension and diabetes. Canadian Medical Association Journal (CMAJ), 2013;185(17):E784-90.


Sjösten N, Kivimäki M, Singh-Manoux A, Ferrie JE, Goldberg M, Zins M, Pentti J, Westerlund H, & Vahtera J. Change in physical activity and weight in relation to retirement: The French GAZEL cohort study. BMJ Open, 2012;2:e000522.


Oksanen T, Vahtera J, Westerlund H, Pentti J, Sjösten N, Virtanen M, Kawachi I, & Kivimäki M. Is retirement beneficial for mental health? Antidepressant use before and after retirement. Epidemiology, 2011;22(4):553-559.

Sjösten N, Nabi H, Westerlund H, Singh-Manoux A, Oksanen T, Salo P, Pentti J, Goldberg M, Zins M, Kivimäki M, & Vahtera J. Influence of retirement and work stress on headache prevalence: A longitudinal modelling study from the GAZEL cohort. Cephalalgia, 2011;31(6):696-705.

Zins M, Guéguen A, Kivimäki M, Singh-Manoux A, Leclerc A, Vahtera J, Westerlund H, Ferrie JE, & Goldberg M. Effect of retirement on alcohol consumption: Longitudinal evidence from the French Gazel cohort study. PLoS ONE, 2011;6(10):e26531.


Dugravot A, Sabia S, Stringhini S, Kivimäki M, Westerlund H, Vahtera J, Guéguen A, Zins M, Goldberg M, Nabi H, & Singh-Manoux A. Do socioeconomic factors shape weight and obesity trajectories over the transition from midlife to old age? Results from the French GAZEL cohort study. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2010;92(1):16-23.

Jokela M, Ferrie JE, Gimeno D, Chandola T, Shipley MJ, Head J, Vahtera J, Westerlund H, Marmot MG, & Kivimäki M. From midlife to early old age: Health trajectories associated with retirement. Epidemiology, 2010;21(3):284-290.

Westerlund H, Vahtera J, Ferrie JE, Singh-Manoux A, Pentti J, Melchior M, Leineweber C, Jokela M, Siegrist J, Goldberg M, Zins M, & Kivimäki M. Effect of retirement on major chronic conditions and fatigue: The French GAZEL occupational cohort study. BMJ, 2010;341:c6149.


Vahtera J, Westerlund H, Hall M, Sjösten N, Kivimäki M, Salo P, Ferrie JE, Jokela M, Pentti J, Singh-Manoux A, Goldberg M, & Zins M. Effect of retirement on sleep disturbances: the GAZEL prospective cohort study. Sleep, 2009;32(11):1459-1466.

Westerlund H, Kivimäki M, Singh-Manoux A, Melchior M, Ferrie JE, Pentti J, Jokela M, Leineweber C, Goldberg M, Zins M, & Vahtera J. Self-rated health before and after retirement in France (GAZEL): a cohort study. The Lancet, 2009;374(9705):1889-1896.